What Is a Joint Land Use Study?
A Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) is a cooperative land use planning effort conducted as a joint venture between an active military installation, surrounding cities and counties, state and federal agencies, and other affected stakeholders. The JBSA-Randolph JLUS is a 12-month study funded through a grant from the Department of Defense (DoD) Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) and contributions by the local sponsor, Bexar County.
What Are the JLUS Objectives?
The primary objective of a JLUS is to reduce potential conflicts between a military installation and surrounding areas while accommodating new growth and economic development, sustaining economic vitality, and protecting the general public's health and safety, without compromising the operational missions of the installation. JLUS programs have three core objectives:
UNDERSTANDING. Increase communication between the military, local jurisdictions, and stakeholders to promote an understanding of the strong economic and physical relationship between the installation and its neighbors.
COLLABORATION. Promote collaborative planning between the military, local jurisdictions, and stakeholders to promote an understanding of the strong economic and physical relationship between the installation and its neighbors.
ACTIONS. Develop and implement strategies for reducing the impacts of incompatible activities on the community and military operations. Design tools to support compatibility in the future.
How Will the JLUS Be Developed?
The project will include Nine Tasks that are built upon each other:
Task 1: Project Initiation and Work Plan Preparation
Task 1 encompasses project initiation, which includes a kick-off meeting with County staff relative to contract initiation and project logistics. This task also outlines project management and work plan activities that will run from project start until JLUS completion.
Task 2: Data Collection / Planning Area and Military Installation
Task 2 covers the data collection aspect of the JLUS planning process and refines the planning area to ensure the JLUS report is developed comprehensively and accurately. Matrix uses a multi-technique approach for collecting data ranging from interviews to requesting data from JLUS stakeholders and participants. This approach provides several opportunities to capture data relevant to the JLUS study area.
Task 3: Public Participation, Education, and Outreach
Task 3 encompasses the public involvement component for the JBSA-R JLUS. Matrix will utilize various outreach methods designed to reach all stakeholders involved in or impacted by the JLUS. Different outreach tools are employed based on several variables including but not limited to proximity to the installation and technological capabilities.
Task 4: Data Compilation / Establishing Base Conditions
Using the data collected in Task 2, Matrix will compile the most up-to-date and available data from the appropriate agencies involved in the JBSA-R JLUS and develop base mapping information for the study area with GIS information. This helps the JLUS participants to understand the existing conditions of the base and the surrounding communities.
Task 5: Current and Future Assessment
Building on previous tasks, Task 5 will analyze the data based on factors that can impact current and future development. Matrix will assess existing trends and potential future development for compatibility to identify areas where issues and potential conflicts can be mitigated enabling continued community growth and military training operations.
Task 6: Small Area Studies
After the assessment, Matrix will develop up to five business cases for conducting smaller, focused studies relative to specific factors, i.e. noise study or traffic study, assessed in the JLUS. The EC and AC will determine which three may be further considered to implement during the JLUS study in effort to develop a more refined set of recommended strategies for the JLUS.
Task 7: Implementation Plan
The Matrix team will develop a user-friendly, implementation plan that identifies the compatibility issue being addressed, the strategies designed to address the issue, the name of the agency or organizations responsible for implementation of that strategy, timing of implementation and a rough order of magnitude costs.
Task 8: Integrated Communications Plan
Matrix will develop an integrated communications plan for which communications can be managed professionally and in a timely manner through various outreach outlets including electronic tools. The objective of this task is to standardize and strengthen communications beyond the scope of this JLUS project and the implementation plan efforts to assist in the minimization and / or prevention of future incompatibilities.
Task 9: Draft and Final JLUS Reports
Matrix will develop a comprehensive Draft JLUS report describing the context of the study, explaining the evaluation process, outlining the findings, and providing recommendations. This Draft JLUS will be provided to the committees for feedback and comments. Comments will be incorporated into a public draft and distributed to the public for a period of time to allow for adequate public comment.
After the public comment period, Matrix will prepare the Final JLUS by incorporating appropriate comments into the JLUS document. Then, Matrix will present the Final JLUS report and key findings to the County Board of Commissioners and City Councils for acceptance.
What Will the JBSA-Randolph JLUS Address?
The JBSA-Randolph JLUS will provide all stakeholders with:
• A detailed land use assessment for surrounding high growth areas.
• A baseline of existing incompatible land uses around the installation.
• Assessments of regional growth trends along designated transportation corridors.
• A plan to assist surrounding communities with decision-making.
• Recommendations and strategies to promote compatible land use planning around JBSA-Randolph and surrounding communities.
What Is Compatibility?
Compatibility, in relationship to military readiness, can be defined as the balance and/or compromise between community and military needs and interests. The goal of compatibility planning is to promote an environment where both entities can coexist successfully. Study area data on existing conditions obtained from the EC and AC workshops and public workshops will be analyzed to identify current and future compatibility issues. This analysis will also identify the influence of regulatory measures on land use decisions and consider existing and projected development trends within the study area. A set of compatibility factors will be considered to evaluate the range of issues that influence land use compatibility. While all factors will be initially assessed, it is acknowledged that several of them may not exist within the JBSA-Randolph JLUS area, yet all are identified below.
What Are the Compatibility Factors?
These compatibility factors address the comprehensive approach undertaken to promote land use compatibility within proximity to JBSA-Randolph, JBSA - Seguin Auxiliary Airfield and Stinson Municipal Airport. These factors are organized into three topical areas: man-made, natural resources and competition for scarce resources.
What Are JLUS Recommendations?
JLUS recommendations may involve revisions to the communities' comprehensive plans and traditional land use and development controls, such as zoning, subdivision regulations, structural height restrictions, as well as promotion of planned unit development concepts. Additional actions may include amending local building codes to require increased sound attenuation in existing and new buildings, land exchanges, transfer of development rights, and real estate disclosure.
Have Past JLUS's Been Successful?
Previous JLUS's have shown a high success rate. The JLUS effort can directly benefit both the jurisdiction and the installation by:
• Protecting the health and safety of residents living or working near military installations.
• Preserving long-term land use compatibility between the installation and the surrounding community.
• Promoting comprehensive community planning.
• Encouraging a cooperative spirit between the local base command and local community officials.
• Integrating the local jurisdictions' comprehensive plans with the installation's plans.